Dear Readers, Welcome to SOA Objective Questions and Answers have been designed specially to get you acquainted with the nature of questions you may encounter during your Job interview for the subject of SOA Multiple choice Questions. These Objective type SOA are very important for campus placement test and job interviews. As per my experience good interviewers hardly plan to ask any particular question during your Job interview and these model questions are asked in the online technical test and interview of many IT & Non IT Industry.
A. Firewalls or routers are the mechanisms for securing an SOA business environment.
B. Security policy decisions are made and carried out within an Enterprise Service Bus (ESB).
C. Identities exist for both users and services, and both must be subject to the same controls.
D. The creation of roles for business process task lists are used to prevent business partner access to protected assets.
E. There is a need to manage identity and security across a range of systems and services that are implemented in a diverse mix of new and old technologies.
A. It translates between different identities.
B. It requires the use of open standards for authentication.
C. It handles services which each have their own identity registry.
D. It handles identities which are coupled with application business logic.
E. It understands and operates with a variety of formats for representing identity.
A. Create a service registry.
B. Define an SOA governance model.
C. Perform an SOA maturity assessment.
D. Create an SOA Center of Excellence (CoE).
A. Create a common metadata model that can be used for all development projects.
B. Implement an Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) and registry/repository as a connectivity layer in the SOA architectur
C. Document the existing architecture, legacy systems, and interfaces. Make this available in a common repository that can be accessed by all developers.
D. Use business modeling tools to model and simulate the application development process and identify bottlenecks. Address highest priority bottlenecks that can be automated to E.
A. Perform analysis of the resources being used by the process
B. Simulation of the process to identify and test improvements
C. Domain decomposition to identify the Ans: granularity of tasks
D. Monitoring availability of components that are used by the business process
A. Real-time performance is critical.
B. An immediate Return on Investment (ROI) is required.
C. The application interfaces require a high degree of customization.
D. Business functionality is required by many parts of the organization.
A. Both architectures use XML to ensure interoperability.
B. Web 2.0 technologies communicate using Remote Procedure Calls (RPC) to SOA services.
A. A format for XML messaging
B. An interface to a business process
C. An Internet communications protocol
D. The payload contents for a Web service message
A. The adoption of Web 2.0 technologies will be more problemati
B. Outsourcing non-core business functions will become impractical.
C. The potential value of existing IT assets will not be fully realize
D. The implementation of Web services to handle real-time transactions will not be possible.
A. Services are replicated based on language and geographic needs.
B. Developers need better training on how to create reusable services.
C. Governance processes are not in place to review and approve services.
D. Scaling the environment is challenging for such large SOA implementations.
A. Pilot the solution and solicit feedback from stakeholders and subject matter experts.
B. Implement appropriate Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) at multiple levels of the solution.
C. Implement a technology think-tank integrated with the lines of business and with overall executive sponsorship.
D. Implement a Center of Excellence (CoE) to provide a tight linkage with business to define services and operational characteristics at technical and business levels.
A. Use Web services for all SOA communication.
B. Use the latest open standard specification in the industry.
C. Focus on a core set of systems when defining enterprise services.
D. Encapsulate underlying technical differences between different SOA implementations.
A. WSDL and XML
B. ESB and WS-Policy
C. XML and XML Schema
D. SOAP, WSDL and HTTP
A. Make IT more accountable
B. Increase the flexibility of IT
C. Technology and platform independence
D. Reduce short-term development and maintenance costs
A. Services are discoverable
B. Services use Web 2.0 technology.
C. Services are exposed by an Enterprise Service Bus (ESB).
D. Services are composed into broader business functionality.
E. Services contain logic to provide compatibility across technologies.
A. Test suites for Web services interoperability
B. An implementation of interoperable Web services
C. Interoperability guidance for Web services specifications
D. A certification of interoperability for Web services engines
A. Tasks can be rearranged without impact to the user.
B. Business rules can be dynamically stopped at runtime.
C. New services can be built at runtime without any special tooling.
D. Business processes can be automated so they do not require feedback.
A. Define and execute conformance checkpoints across the service life cycle.
B. Initiate and enable SOA governance communication, education and mentor plans.
C. Commit to a strategy for SOA in the context of the business goals and IT strategy.
D. Implement governance organizational structures such as architectural review boards, executive steering committees and Centers of Excellence (CoE) to ensure adherence.
A. One that is structured around localized business representatives for the IT team(s).
B. One in which the departments are small, geographically centralized, and provide many goods and services.
C. One that is relatively large, geographically dispersed, and with a centralized management and funding structure.
D. One in which the funding, management and control of IT resources are spread among multiple stakeholders in different parts of the organization.
A. By ensuring services represent the underlying IT functions that the business must use in order to function
B. By hiding operational details allowing services to be loosely coupled and changed to suit the situation
C. By creating business processes that are direct representations of the business which can be simulated and refined
D. By providing service operations that represent business tasks allowing those operations to be used in whatever combination the business decides is appropriate
A. Use XML messages to provide interoperability
B. Service providers adopt one common data model for all services.
C. Enforce a common data model at the Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) layer.
D. Business analysts create the integration logic details to negotiate between services.
D. Separation of concerns
A. Attainment of business agility and competitive advantage
B. Assures the alignment of the business strategy with its SOA initiatives
C. Assures that service entities perform to the level and response times agreed upon
D. Assures the value of SOA to the business by focusing on the design and implementation of services
A. Modularity and encapsulation
B. SOA governance and service reuse
C. Service reuse and process modeling
D. Loose-coupling and separation of concerns
A. Two or more SOA services may be connected together to create a new business process, such as in the case of a mashup.
B. Business users can visually assemble mashups by blending publicly available information and services with a company's internal information and services.
C. Syndication of site content is enabled through the use of SOA, since it involves standardized protocols, which permit end-users to make use of a site's data in another context.
D. The community that uses the SOA services can employ community mechanisms on the
application, such as ratings and comments, to provide feedback so the application can be E.
A. Increasing the IT budget
B. Implementing packaged applications
C. Giving IT the maximum number of options to solve a business challenge or problem
D. Viewing the operating environment as a set of services provided by the underlying IT infrastructure
E. Improving Return on Investment (ROI) on IT assets by breaking traditional monolithic systems down into more manageable pieces
A. Connect all the systems that are involved in the transaction.
B. Gather all the information about the product in a single repository to be accessed by the call center.
C. Provide the call center team with access to all the necessary and available information on their screen and collaboration tools to ask experts for assistance with specific
D. Model the call process to determine the bottlenecks, then process automation tools can be used to obtain all the necessary product information including human task
A. Rogue Services
B. Duplicate Services
C. Shelfware Services
D. Application Services
A. Chargeback mechanisms are put in place to prevent illegitimate use of services.
B. Use a 'tax' based approach based on the overall usage of IT by each line of business.
C. Form an SOA governance organization and provide this group with the required funding
D. Use the "first need" approach, where each project that needs a service first funds its creation
A. A high level of understanding of the value of SOA
B. The use of specialized line of business applications
C. Informal build and deployment processes for services
D. The use of in-house developed messaging as part of their Enterprise Service Bus (ESB)
C. Loose coupling
D. Separation of concerns
E. Composite implementation
A. It is a transaction that supports a business function.
B. It is a standard way for messaging between service providers and consumers.
C. It exposes business functionality with a well-defined interface that can be invoke
D. It is a language-specific operation that executes across an Enterprise Service Bus (ESB).
E. It is a loosely-coupled component that can be choreographed to create a composite business function.
A. Business processes can be modeled in parallel with the services they rely on.
B. Services are implemented using the Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) and exposed to service consumers.
C. Business process developers need to communicate effectively with Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) developers.
D. Changes in service implementations require changes in the service interface which should be reflected in the service registry.
A. A Web application may be developed to act as a service consumer, allowing humans to invoke the automated business process. Any activity in the business process may be
B. The use of human activities in such a business process is not recommended since the slow response that will be received from humans is not suitable to the synchronous
C. A Web application may be developed to act as a service consumer, allowing humans to invoke the automated business process from a browser. All activities in the business
D. A Web application may be developed to act as a service consumer, allowing humans to invoke the automated business process. Only unusual steps in the business process
E. All other activities should be performed by automated service providers.
A. It provides a tool for controlling the distribution of Web services for a line of business.
B. It eliminates the risk in migrating a business from standard integration mechanisms to SOA.
C. It creates a clearly articulated decision framework for designing, implementing and managing SOA services.
D. It provides a mechanism for the lines of business to provide input to IT staff for the design of services.
A. Insufficient SOA skills
B. Finding unbiased vendor product comparisons
C. Legacy applications written in an obsolete language
D. IT staff needing to work with business analysts who do not understand the underlying technical complexity
A. Services often represent functions in an SO
B. Existing applications may serve as the basis for service interfaces.
C. The interface of a service allows it to be integrated into additional processes without changes.
D. Service interface details may be defined at a high level according to anticipated business requirements.
A. Service granularity
B. Use of open standards
C. Service version management
D. Business monitoring of Key Performance Indicators (KPIs)
A. Outsource the shipping function to reduce overhead costs.
B. Create services that combine application and information assets.
C. Create shared services to eliminate redundancies in the process.
D. Choose the latest technology available to integrate the applications and resources.
A. Create a pilot project to demonstrate the value of SOA to the business.
B. Establish a development environment for shared services that can be used across the enterprise.
C. Obtain organizational commitment to the SOA direction at the appropriate business and IT levels.
D. Choose the Ans: Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) vendor as all other artifacts in the environment will be connected to this.
A. Create a reference model to categorize the standards, specifications and technologies to construct, deliver and exchange application components and a framework to describe,
B. Document the business requirements and expected goals. Design the business services required to fulfill these needs. Develop test cases based on these initial business
C. Document the technical design of the project and have the business analysts on the review team ensure this is meeting the business requirements. Validate at various points in
D. Create a framework for measuring the performance of major IT investments and associated assets. Build a reference model that describes and analyzes the current operational
E. Map the business requirements against this model to determine the new capabilities that are required.
A. Multiple projects are being implemented concurrently.
B. The project office is required to report to executive management.
C. Services are developed, maintained and owned by multiple stakeholders.
D. Government regulations dictate compliance with government requirements.
A. To provide IT performance metrics
B. To determine the marketability of the SOA processes
C. To justify funding for migration of the processes to SOA
D. To provide feedback indicating Return on Investment (ROI) back to the business
E. To enable business executives to identify impediments and bottlenecks in performance of the business processes
A. Model business process and design according to requirements
B. Construct and assemble service components
C. Configure and deploy from test through production
D. Manage to business and IT goals
A. It provides separation of concerns so that each service can be managed separately.
B. It provides a design that allows components to be changed with less impact to the consumer.
C. It allows a service consumer to make a service request without knowing the details of the operation.
D. It implements service functionality by integrating existing back end service functionality using routing and transformation logic.
A. Reuse services across lines of business.
B. Build services for only the most important business functions.
C. Build general services that can perform a variety of business tasks.
D. Reimplement all services on a consistent hardware and software platform.
A. Adherence to six-sigma business guidelines
B. A dashboard for reporting metrics to business analysts
C. The ability to pilot the solution in a production environment to business stakeholders
D. The capability to monitor and measure performance against business process goals
A. It is a business policy or decision procedur
B. Items are accumulated and then processed together.
C. It is a series of tasks connected together like building blocks.
D. It enables interactions between message consumers and providers.
A. An adapter that exposes back end functionality of legacy systems
B. A routing and mediation component that loosely couples service interfaces
C. A routing and mediation component that loosely couples service implementations
D. A component where transformation and aggregation are used to implement service interfaces
A. Adding an operation
B. Removing an operation
C. Renaming an operation
D. Changing the parameters of an operation
A. Establish the SOA strategy and project roadmap.
B. Identify the first services required and ensure they are designed well, considering security and scalability.
C. Roll the SOA project in as the next phase of a project under development to prove the value to the business.
D. Prepare the infrastructure for SOA by establishing a development environment, testing environment and the control process to promote services.
A. Access Services
B. Process Services
C. Infrastructure Services
D. Enterprise Service Bus (ESB)
A. Integration, security, management, monitoring and governance
B. Logging, auditing, business processes, information architecture, identity provision and governance
C. Encapsulation, separation of concerns, high cohesion, loose-coupling, Ans: granularity and abstraction
D. Business flexibility, business agility, cost effectiveness, goal related, traceable requirements and continuous incremental improvement
A. Service policy information
B. Versions of software components
C. Uncommitted transactions to enable compensation handling
D. Service endpoint information to facilitate dynamic binding at runtime
A. Distributed role-based access control mechanisms
B. Connectivity with existing and legacy functionality
C. Additional security at gateway points between domains
D. Services exposed across different business units or organizations
A. A reference architecture
B. A service interface description
C. A Web services standards glossary
D. A proposed service registry document
A. Create the SOA architecture documentation.
B. Manage and secure services, applications and resources.
C. Provide a framework for measuring the effectiveness of SO
D. Establish the common metadata model to ensure interoperability.
A. Putting funding mechanisms in place to encourage reuse
B. Agreeing on policies for service reuse across lines of business
C. Planning to perform a complete overhaul of all business processes
D. Defining additional capabilities required, such as upgrades to the IT infrastructure
A. The company wanted development and operations to be as simple as possible.
B. The company wanted to break down department silos and encourage everyone to use the same set of tools.
C. Most of the company's processes were manual or document-centric with little opportunity for automation.
D. The legacy system had grown in such a way that it was not easy to update and could not handle the emerging business demands.
A. It provides security interchange for RESTful Web services.
B. It enforces authentication and authorization within an SOA.
C. It provides an end-to-end security context among Web services.
D. It provides a security implementation for Enterprise Service Buses (ESB).
A. The steps required to complete a unit of work in the optimal way
B. An artifact used to capture the knowledge representing business requirements
C. A flow of tasks that must be completed by systems or people in a certain order
D. BPEL code that runs within a business process engine orchestrating the work of people and systems
A. XML is used to implement the UML design.
B. XML schema drives the messaging payloads.
C. XML is used for Web services which are required in SOA.
D. XML is used to describe interfaces and message bindings.
A. They provide mediation for service requests.
B. They provide the framework for information as a service.
C. They support interoperability between disparate technologies.
D. They provide an open standard means for describing service interfaces.
E. They provide the messaging infrastructure for the Enterprise Service Bus (ESB).
A. Model business process and design according to requirements
B. Construct and assemble service components
C. Configure and deploy from test through production
D. Manage to business and IT goals
A. It rarely includes any manual steps.
B. It can span people, systems and information.
C. It takes a relatively short amount of time to complete.
D. All services are linked to the process through an Enterprise Service Bus (ESB).
A. Services that support multiple projects and/or lines of business
B. Services that need to consider non-disruptive roll-out of changes
C. Services that are based on standards to allow for interoperability
D. Service requesters that are independent of the service implementation
A. Present the IT savings that can be achieved via an SOA-based reuse strategy.
B. Emphasize the significant market acceptance of SOA as the new standard architectural style.
C. Focus on the rate of change in the industry and the need for business agility to take advantage of these marketplace changes.
D. Send the executive the recent article describing a competitor's SOA success that has just been published in the latest issue of an industry trade magazine.
A. Automation of document processing will be difficult.
B. Extremely high volume, synchronous, real-time transactions will occur.
C. Integration costs continue to grow without being offset by new business opportunities.
D. IT budget will increase to cover the cost of additional governance and development activities.
A. It should be monitore
B. It only deals with automated tasks.
C. It interacts with a single application.
D. It has one primary Key Performance Indicator (KPI).
A. Excess hardware capacity
B. Short-term revenue expectations
C. Business unit executives avoid disruptive innovations
D. Business partners that have the necessary skills and capabilities
A. Defining rules for business
B. Enforcing governance processes
C. Creating components that can be shared
D. Building applications from reusable components
E. Changing the implementation without affecting the consumers
A. Automate and optimize processes
B. Security, governance and infrastructure
C. Governance, infrastructure and connectivity
D. Interoperability, standards and application integration
E. High availability of hardware, operational systems and services
A. To provide interoperability using XML-based messages
B. To provide an interface for human interaction using task lists
C. To provide loose coupling via remote method invocations using JAX-RPC
D. To implement the service functionality through interfaces defined in the applications' BPEL
A. Outsourcing of business functions
B. Ensuring Quality of Service (QoS) objectives are met.
C. Changing business processes to meet government regulations.
D. Providing a role-based portal for employees, partners and customers.
A. Pairing up the appropriate service consumers and providers.
B. Buying prefabricated objects to quickly implement business functions.
C. Choreographing a business process to efficiently implement the desired business functions.
D. Designing and developing a new business process model rather than adapting an existing one.
A. During discovery
B. During publication
C. During message transport
D. During message validation
E. During message transformation
A. Create a new application to deal with the bottlenecks.
B. Replace legacy systems with more advanced technology.
C. Automate the manual steps so that the process is easier to monitor.
D. Provide multiple paths through the process for some of the functions.
Improved systems management
A. Customer's IT strategy is to use desktop applications.
B. The organization relies on a homogeneous environment.
C. Pilot and prototype development is a focus of the IT organization.
D. Parts of an application need to be developed, maintained and updated independently.
A. Storage of service metadata
B. Storage for versions of service components
C. The medium for messaging in a standardized way
D. The means by which services are loosely coupled
E. A source of information about invoking a service
A. Government regulations for communication and interoperability between companies continue to chang
B. The cost of healthcare is increasing extremely fast and SOA will bring the costs back under control.
C. Since doctors and other medical practitioners do not understand IT, SOA can shield theseroles from the underlying technology implementation.
D. Medical providers at smaller companies that use .Net can communicate to larger parent
companies that use Java through Web services interoperability.
A. Service monitoring
B. An asset repository
C. The Enterprise Service Bus (ESB)
D. Access services to legacy systems
A. Meeting Service Level Agreements (SLAs) for Gold customers
B. Assigning premiere customers to the Gold customer status
C. Identifying an incoming request as coming from a Gold customer
D. Changing a business process to provide enhanced capabilities for Gold customers
A. They establish a Center of Excellence (CoE) to monitor and report on the SOA services performanc
B. They contact a third party to analyze and evaluate the new processes against the business objectives.
C. They set and monitor Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) to track performance against the business objectives.
D. They model the new processes in a business model simulator to identify bottlenecks and potential performance issues.
A. The current operational budget for the company and the partner company
B. The current IT governance overlap between the company and the partner company
C. The current Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) for the company and the partner company
D. The estimated cost for point-to-point integration with the partner company using the current messaging system
A. Shared maintenance costs
B. Increased service availability
C. Capacity requirements may not be supportable
D. Increased Return on Investment (ROI) for the service
A. To provide the governance of services by limiting who can access services
B. To provide point-to-point connection of service consumers and service providers
C. To provide flexibility that allows business process inefficiencies to be rapidly Ans: ed
D. To ensure a seamless flow of information from anywhere at any time using a variety of protocols
A. Applications can be rewritten to suit the needs of the business.
B. It allows for a significant investment in technology and hardware.
C. Business and IT can collectively fulfill the business needs and goals.
D. Business and IT can decide which vendors to use and which business functions to outsource.
A. Messaging improves the performance of complex environments.
B. Messaging implements separation of concerns resulting in faster development.
C. Messaging facilitates communication between distributed heterogeneous environments.
D. Messaging is used to communicate between a repository and an Enterprise Service Bus (ESB).
A. A service is deployed once and a component is deployed many times.
B. A component is deployed once and a service is deployed many times.
C. A component has an interface and a service implements the interface.
D. A service has an interface and a component implements the interface.
E. A service does not have a well-defined interface and a component does.
A. Multiple business units host the same service to ensure maximum reuse and availability.
B. Maximum reuse is achieved by ensuring services are generic so that the same service serves many different business tasks.
C. Existing APIs are exposed over new technologies such as Web services and Enterprise Service Buses (ESB) to increase business flexibility and agility.
D. Programming by contract ensures the service consumer can be unaware of the implementation details of the service provider facilitating loose coupling.
E. Through layered abstraction over the implementation and runtime details, it is possible to provide software resources that give the right balance between reuse and specificity.
A. It must manage service distribution and rights management.
B. It must enforce communication between stakeholders and subject matter experts.
C. It must enforce coordination between service providers across the organization.
D. It must coordinate communication of business requirements to development organizations during the planning phase.
A. SOA adoption involves incremental chang
B. Select a business pilot and enable a line of business.
C. SOA adoption involves a complete and immediate change.
D. The transition to SOA begins with the selection of appropriate technology.
E. The first steps in the journey to SOA implementation depends on the company's industry.
A. Reuse and security
B. Loose coupling and reuse
C. Governance and integration
D. Point-to-point integration and extensibility
A. The complete service lifecycle
B. Runtime lookup of service endpoints
C. Enhances messages through mediation
D. Transformation of messages between different technologies
A. It allows load balancing across multiple services.
B. It provides pre-built components called mediation primitives.
C. It hides interface details from Key Performance Indicators (KPIs).
D. Physically moving a service requires modification to all other components that use it.
A. The description of steps required to complete a unit of work
B. Each task represents a work item performed by a system or human
C. The transition that takes place for the business process to continue
D. When a human completes a task it is marked complete allowing the process to proceed
A. Flexibility and cost
B. Redundancy and agility
C. Performance and scalability
D. Versatility and adaptability
A. Rogue Service
B. Duplicate Service
C. Shelfware Service
D. Composite Application Service
A. Services are written in Java or C#.
B. Services are compatible across technologies.
C. Services can change location without affecting clients.
D. Services provide an interface according to a SOAP file.
E. Service implementations can be changed without changing the consumers.
A. Service mediation and routing logic
B. Service logic and message transformation
C. Service implementations and service access control
D. Service routing and a registry of service endpoints
A. An emphasis on standards
B. Utilizing Web services to access all business functionality
C. An Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) with an emphasis on Web services
D. An Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) with an emphasis on XML messaging
A. Skills not available
B. Standardization of services in each industry
C. Tight integration with their business partners
D. Frequent inspection of the current business model and its components
A. Establish a service repository.
B. Acquire ongoing sponsorship by executives with active communication.
C. Formulate, control and oversee the proper maintenance and growth of business assets.
D. Define a set of processes, rules and policies that affect the way a corporation is directed, administered or controlled.
C. Cross-cutting concern
D. Focus on messaging strategies
A. Evaluating performance, availability and scalability of services
B. Defining the processes, procedures, mechanisms and organizations that guide the implementation of services
C. Performing critical evaluation and selection of the packages, software and hardware components of the architecture
D. Identifying services from a decomposition of business processes and ensuring that these services enable realization of the business goals and drivers
A. The most appropriate SOA entry point
B. The benefits of leveraging existing applications
C. Recommendations for moving to the highest level of SOA maturity
D. The service funding and ownership model to increase SOA maturity