100+ TOP Building Construction Multiple choice Questions and Answers

Posted On:October 27, 2021, Posted By: Latest Interview Questions, Views: 753, Rating :

 Latest Building Construction Questions and Answers

1. Stone masonry is

(a) very cheap
(b) cheap
(c) costly
(d) extremely costly

2. Brick masonry is
(a) cheap
(b) moderately costly
(c) costly
(d) very costly

3. Size of modular bricks is
(a) 19 x 9 x 9 cm
(b) 20 x 10 x 10 cm
(c) 22 x 11 x 7.5 cm
(d) 23 x 12 x 8.5 cm

4. Size of conventional brick is
(a) 19 x 9 x 9 cm
(b) 20 x 10 x 10 cm
(c) 22 x 11 x 7.5 cm
(d) 23 x 12 x 8.5 cm

5. The most commonly bond in brick masonry is
(a) English bond
(b) Flemish bond
(c) Stretcher bond
(d) Header bond

6. The bond which contains alternate courses of headers and stretchers is called
(a) English bond
(b) Flemish bond
(c) Stretcher bond
(d) Header bond

7. In English bond, in each header course a ___ is placed next to quoin header.
(a) king closer
(b) half bat
(c) queen closer
(d) none of these

8. In English bond stretchers overlaps upto ___ of their length over the header course.
(a) 10%
(b) 25%
(c) 50%
(d) 75%

9. Alternate headers and stretchers are provided in each course in
(a) English bond
(b) Flemish bond
(c) Stretcher bond
(d) Header bond

10. Every header is placed centrally over the stretcher below it in
(a) English bond
(b) Flemish bond
(c) Stretcher bond
(d) Header bond

11. In Ashlar fine masonry
(a) height of stones used is never less than their breadth
(b) length of stones is never less than twice their height
(c) both (a) and (b)
(d) neither (a) nor (b)

12. In Ashlar chamfered masonry stones are chamfered on the exposed face at
(a) 300
(b) 450
(c) 600
(d) none of these

13. In the above question, stones are chamfered to a width of
(a) 10 mm
(b) 25 mm
(c) 50 mm
(d) 100 mm

14. Ashlar facing masonry contains an Ashlar facing and backing of
(a) rubble masonry
(b) brick masonry
(c) either (a) or (b)
(d) neither (a) nor (b)

15. Strength of stone masonry is
(a) Excellent
(b) more than that of brick masonry
(c) both (a) and (b)
(d) neither (a) nor (b)

16. Damp resistance of stone masonry is
(a) low
(b) medium
(c) high
(d) very high

17. Chemical resistance of stone masonry is
(a) very poor
(b) poor
(c) good
(d) excellent

18. Chemical resistance of brick masonry is
(a) very poor
(b) poor
(c) good
(d) very good

19. Fire resistance of stone masonry is
(a) very low
(b) low
(c) moderate
(d) very high

20. Fire resistance of brick masonry is
(a) very low
(b) low
(c) high
(d) extremely high

21. The projecting course of stone or brick masonry at ground floor level is called
(a) DPC
(b) plinth
(c) lintel
(d) jamb

22. An impervious course laid at plinth level to prevent rise of water from foundations to superstructure by capillary action is called
(a) DPC
(b) plinth course
(c) jamb
(d) sill

23. Horizontal member of RCC etc.. provided above opening is called
(a) jamb
(b) sill
(c) gable
(d) lintel

24. Choose the incorrect statement.
(a) In rubble masonry the stones received from query are used without dressing.
(b) uncoursed masonry is cheapest and weak type of masonry
(c) random rubble masonry is used for low cost housing.
(d) coursed rubble masonry is inferior type of masonry

25. In random rubble masonry
(a) course height is uniform
(b) size of stones are not uniform
(c) through stones are provided at frequent intervals
(d) all the above

26. In coursed rubble masonry
(a) height is uniform
(b) joints are uniform
(c) through stones are provided at frequent intervals
(d) all of the above

27. In coursed rubble masonry, the thickness of joints generally does not exceed
(a) 5 mm
(b) 10 mm
(c) 20 mm
(d) 40 mm

28. No mortar is used in
(a) random rubble masonry
(b) coursed rubble masonry
(c) dry rubble masonry
(d) all these

29. Ashlar masonry
(a) is costly
(b) consists of stones neatly dressed
(c) requires skilled labour
(d) all these

30. In Ashlar fine masonry
(a) stones are dressed true and square on all sides
(b) height of course never less than 30 cm
(c) thickness of joints should not exceed 3 mm
(d) all the above

31. The lengthy face of the brick is known as
(a) face
(b) king closer
(c) queen closer
(d) stretcher

32. Horizontal layer of bricks or stones is called
(a) bed
(b) course
(c) quoin
(d) none of these

33. External corners of the wall are called
(a) frogs
(b) bats
(c) heartings
(d) quoins

34. The part of the brick obtained by cutting the triangular corner portion from the middle points of width and length of brick is called
(a) king closer
(b) queen closer
(c) stretcher
(d) none of these

35. A king closer is a
(a) full brick
(b) 3/4 brick
(c) longitudinally 1/2 brick
(d) crosswise 1/2 brick (IES 2000)

36. A part of a brick obtained by cutting a brick longitudinally into two equal parts is called
(a) king closer
(b) queen closer
(c) stretcher
(d) bat

37. The brick half piece to its length is called
(a) king closer
(b) queen closer
(c) stretcher
(d) half bat

38. The original layers of stones along witch they have formed is called
(a) bed
(b) through bed
(c) natural bed
(d) none of these

39. A single stone which is fixed at regular intervals joining face and back is called
(a) frog
(b) through stone
(c) natural stone
(d) plinth course

40. Pieces of stones are called
(a) ballast
(b) spalls
(c) crushed stone
(d) none of these

Building Construction Objective Questions and Answers Pdf :-

41. If a very important building is to be constructed on black cotton soil then ___ foundation should be used.
(a) spread footing
(b) strip footing
(c) raft
(d) grillage

42. A foundation may fail due to
(a) change of strata
(b) differential loading system
(c) unsymmetrical loading system
(d) all the above

43. A foundation fails if
(a) sub-soil water level is dropped
(b) there is a lateral pressure on the structure
(c) there is unequal settlement of masonry
(d) all these

44. In India __ % area is covered with black cotton soil.
(a) 10
(b) 20
(c) 30
(d) 40

45. Black cotton soil shows
(a) high volumetric changes when subjected to moisture variation
(b) swelling when come in contact with moisture
(c) shrinking when moisture evaporates
(d) all these

46. In black cotton soil, due to alternate swelling and shrinking in wet and dry cycles of season
(a) differential movement of ground occurs
(b) tensile and shear stresses occur in foundation
(c) generates cracks in super structure
(d) all these

47. In black cotton soils, safe bearing capacity of the soils is taken as
(a) 5 kg/cm2
(b) 2.5 to 3.0 kg/cm2
(c) 1 kg/cm2 to 1.5 kg/cm2
(d) 0.50 to 0.75 kg/cm2

48. In black cotton soil, the minimum depth of foundation should be
(a) 4 m below ground level
(b) 2 m below ground level
(c) 1 m below ground level
(d) 0.5 m below ground level

49. In black cotton soil which footing is suitable?
(a) spread footing
(b) RCC footing
(c) both (a) and (b)
(d) neither (a) nor (b)

50. In black cotton soil, the bottom of foundation trench should be filled with
(a) sand
(b) moorum
(c) broken stone
(d) any of these

51. Reinforced concrete footing
(a) is used for soils with low bearing capacity
(b) is used for soils with high bearing capacity
(c) is used for black cotton soils
(d) none of the above

52. In reinforced concrete footing RCC concrete bed is provided
(a) at the bottom of spread footing
(b) below lean concrete bed
(c) instead of lean concrete
(d) both (a) and (c)

53. Rolled steels joists are provided in
(a) Spread footing foundation
(b) RCC footing foundation
(c) Grillage foundation
(d) Raft foundation

54. Raft foundation is
(a) very costly
(b) used in low bearing capacity soils
(c) suitable for black cotton soil
(d) all the above

55. In raft foundation
(a) covers entire structure like a floor
(b) raft slab is reinforced in the form of square mesh at the bottom
(c) some times inverted beams are provided in the raft slab
(d) all the above

56. The load per unit area which the soil can support without yielding or displacement, is called
(a) safe bearing capacity of soil
(b) bearing capacity of soil
(c) strength of foundation
(d) none of these

57. Bearing capacity of the soil can be increased by
(a) increasing depth of foundation
(b) blending soil with granular material and ramming thereafter
(c) stabilizing the soil
(d) all the above

58. In water logged area, by draining the soil, bearing capacity of the soil
(a) decreases
(b) increases
(c) remains unchanged
(d) none of these

59. According to IS: 1904 – 1966, maximum safe bearing capacity for coarse sand, medium sand and fine sand are respectively(in kg/cm2)
(a) 4.5, 2.5, 1.5
(b) 33, 16.5, 9
(c) 16.5, 9.0, 4.5
(d) none of these

60. In above question, safe bearing capacity for medium clay, sand-clay mixture, and soft clay are respectively(in kg/cm2)
(a) 2.5, 1.5, 1.0
(b) 3.5, 1.5, 1.0
(c) 4.5, 2.5, 1.5
(d) none of these

61. Spread footing foundation is
(a) deep foundation
(b) shallow foundation
(c) suitable for black cotton soil
(d) both (b) and (c)

62. Spread footing foundation consists of
(a) piles
(b) widened footings
(c) concrete columns to support load of super structure
(d) none of the above

63. Usually a course of ___ is provided below the course of brick or stone masonry in spread footing.
(a) strong concrete
(b) lean concrete
(c) cement paste
(d) crushed stone

64. The grade of cement concrete used in spread footing bottom support is
(a) 1:2:4
(b) 1:3:6
(c) 1:4:8
(d) either (b) or (c)

65. In spread footing, the thickness of concrete bed should not be less than
(a) 10 cm
(b) 15 cm
(c) 20 cm
(d) 30 cm

66. In above question, the projection of concrete bed should not be more than
(a) 10 cm
(b) 15 cm
(c) depth of concrete
(d) width of super structure wall

67. Various courses of spread footing are generally
(a) 10 to 30 cm deep
(b) 20 to 30 cm deep
(c) > 30 cm deep
(d) < 20 cm deep

68. In spread footing, offsets for brick masonry are generally
(a) 5 cm
(b) 8 cm
(c) 10 cm
(d) 15 cm

69. In above question, for stone masonry, offsets are
(a) 5 cm
(b) 8 cm
(c) 15 cm
(d) 30 cm

70. General thumb rules for spread footings are (T is thickness of wall)
(a) width of foundation concrete is 2T + 30 cm
(b) width of bottom most course of footing is 2T
(c) depth of concrete block is (2/3)T
(d) all the above