Dear Readers, Welcome to Respiratory System Objective Questions and Answers have been designed specially to get you acquainted with the nature of questions you may encounter during your Job interview for the subject of Respiratory System Multiple choice Questions. These Objective type Respiratory System Questions are very important for campus placement test and job interviews. As per my experience good interviewers hardly plan to ask any particular question during your Job interview and these model questions are asked in the online technical test and interview of many Medical Industry.
A. It is the Perspiration system.
B. It is the Respiratory system.
C. It is the Photosynthsis
D. It is the Urinary system.
A. carbon dioxide.
B. carbon monoxide.
B. turn purple
A. The name of the tiny air sacs in the lungs is called Bronchioles.
B. The name of the tiny air sacs in the lungs is called Ravioli.
C. The name of the tiny air sacs in the lungs is called Alveoli.
D. The name of the tiny air sacs in the lungs is called Bronx.
A. lung hairs.
B. Lung balloon.
A. When you breathe in your diaphragm expands and your ribcage contracts.
B. When you breathe in your diaphragm contracts and your ribcage expands.
C. When you breathe in your diaphragm explodes and your ribcage contradicts.
D. When you breathe in your diaphragm does not move and your ribcage expands.
A. Humans have four lungs.
B. Humans have one lung.
C. Humans have three lungs.
D. Humans have two lungs.
A. Bronchial tubes are air passages inside your lungs.
B. Bronchial tubes are blood vessels inside your body.
C. Bronchial tubes are tiny air sacs that deliver oxygen to the blood .
D. Bronchial tubes are large air sacs that deliver oxygen to the blood.
A. The muscles that allow you to breathe in and out is the nose.
B. The muscles that allow you to breathe in and out is the trachea.
C. The muscles that allow you to breathe in and out is the tongue.
D. The muscles that allow you to breathe in and out is the diaphragm.
A. Vitamin s can not be stored by the body.
B. Energy can not be stored by the body.
C. Minerals can not be stored by the body.
D. Oxygen can not be stored by the body.
A. When you breathe out your body gets rid of nitrigen gas.
B. When you breathe out your body gets rid of carbon dioxide gas.
C. When you breathe out your body gets rid of oxygen gas.
D. When you breathe out your body gets rid of carbon monoxide gas.
A. Capillaries are tiny lung sacs in your lungs.
B. Capillaries are tiny blood vessels in your lungs.
C. Capillaries are tiny blood cells in your lungs.
D. Capillaries are large blood cells in your lungs.
A. Alveoli are tiny cells.
B. Alveoli are large blood vessels.
C. Alveoli are tiny blood vessels.
D. Alveoli are tiny sacs in the lungs.
A. The disease that can be caused by smoking is Emphysema.
B. The disease that can be caused by smoking is Bronchitis.
C. The disease that can be caused by smoking is Alveolitis.
D. The disease that can be caused by smoking is Diabetes.
D. orthopnea (Your Answer)
A. cleft palate
A. there is decreased thoracic volume
B. the thoracic pressure decreases
C. external intercostals relax
D. diaphragm relaxes and lowers
A. to separate the nasal and oral cavities
B. to increase surface area to allow more air movement
C. trap pathogens and debris
D. warm air and removes water
A. carotid artery
A. alveoli losing elasticity
B. overexchange of gases
A. the antigen
B. the hemoglobin
C. the antibody
D. the nucleus
A. pulmonary ventilation
B. external respiration
C. gas transport
D. internal respiration
B. folds flip open and close
D. relaxes and contracts
A. Upper Quadrant
B. Lower Respiratory System
C. Upper Respiratory System
D. Nasal Cavity
D. Mucous membrane
D. Smoker's Respiratory Syndrome
B. Allergic Rhinitis
A. Top, Middle, Bottom
B. 1, 2, 3
C. uno, dos, tres
D. Superior, Middle, Inferior
C. Cystic Fibrosis
D. Pulmonary Edema
B. Cystic Fibrosis
C. Pulmonary Fibrosis
C. Airway Obstruction
A. loop of henle
B. glomerular filtration membrane
C. collecting duct
D. distal convoluted tubule
A. renal hilum to the bladder to the ureter
B. pelvis of kidney to ureter to bladder to urethra
C. glomerulus to ureter to renal tubule
D. hilum to urethra to bladder
B. vasa recta
C. a fenestrated capillary
D. an efferent arteriole
A. decrease in the production of ADH
B. increase in the production of ADH
C. increase in the production of aldosterone
D. decrease in the conentration of the blood plasma
B. simple squamous
C. stratisifed squamous
D. pseudostratified columnar
A. when the pertibular capillaries are dialted
B. when the pH of the urine decreases
C. by a decrease in the blood pressure
D. when the specific gravity of urine rises above 1.10
A. helps maintain homeostatis by controlling the compositon, volume, and pressure of blood
B. regulates blood glucose levels and produces hormones
C. maintains blood osmolarity
D. eliminates solid, undigested wastes and excretes carbon dioxide, water, salts, and heat
D. cortical radiate
A. has a basement membrane
B. is impermeable to most substances
C. is drained by an efferent arteriole
D. has a blood pressure much lower than other organ systems
A. is not permeable to water
B. is freely permeable to sodium and urea
C. pulls water by osmosis into the lumen of the tubule
D. contains fluid that becomes more concentrated as it moves down into the medulla
A. ureters contain sphincters at the entrance to the bladder to prevent the backflow or urine
B. the epithelium is stratified squamous like the skin, which allows a great deal of stretch
C. the ureters are capable of peristalsis like that of the gastrointestinal tract
D. the ureter is innervated by parasympathetic nerve endings only
A. ensures adequate energy for the adrenal glands to operate efficiently
B. stabalizes the position of the kidneys by holding them in their normal position
C. is necessary as a barrier between the adrenal glands and kidneys
D. produces vitamin D
A. bowmans capsule and glomerulus
B. the descending loop of henle
C. the renal pyramid
D. the renal papilla
B. loop of henle
C. glomerular capsule
D. basement membrane of the capillaries
A. the secretion of drugs
B. the secretion of acids and ammonia
C. reabsorption of organic molecules, vitamins, and water
D. regulating the rate of filtrate formation and controlling systemic blood pressure (Correct Answ
A. the design and size of the podocytes
B. the thickness of the capillary endothelium
C. glomerular hydrostatic pressure (glomerular blood pressure)
D. the size of the pores in the basement membrane of the capillaries
A. they are trilayered (mucosa, muscularis, and adventitia)
B. they are actually an extension of the visceral peritoneum
C. they are made up of several layers of endothelium
D. they are made up entirely of muscle tissure because they need to contract in order to transport urine efficiently.
A. the male urethra services both the urinary and reproductive systems at the same time
B. the male urethra serves both the urniary and reproductive systems but at different times
C. the male urethra is longer than the female urethra
D. the male urethra is a passageway for both urine and semen
A. the stretching of the bladder wall
B. motor neurons
C. the pressure of the fluid in the bladder
D. the sympathetic efferents
A. glomerular endothelium
C. renal fascia
D. basement membrane
A. active transport
C. solvent drag
D. cotransport with sodium ions
A. not Tm limited
B. in the distal convoluted tubule
C. hormanally controlled in distal tubule segments
D. completed by the time of the loop of henle is reached
B. antidiuretic hormone
C. changes in the pressure in the tubule
D. changes in solute content of the filtrate
D. plasma protein
A. is not reabsorbed by the tubule cells
B. increases the rate of glomerular filtration
C. increases secretion of ADH
D. inhibits the release of ADH
A. constrict arterioles and increase blood pressure
B. decrease the production of aldosterone
C. decrease arterial blood pressure
D. decrease water absorption
A. diabetes mellitus
B. diabetes insipidus
C. diabetic acidosis
B. 1.001 - 1.035
C. 1.030 - 1.040
D. 1.000 - 1.015
1. major calyx
2. minor calyx
6. collecting duct
A. the parietal layer of hte glomerular capsule is simple squamous epithlium
B. the glomerulus is correctly described as the proximal end of the proximal convoluted tublue
C. podocytes are the branching epitheilal cells that line the tubules of the nephron
D. filtration slits are the pores that give fenestrated capillaries their name
A. net filtration would increase above normal
B. net filtration would decrease
C. filtration would increase in proportion to the increase in capsular pressure
D. capsular osmotic pressure would compensate so that filatration would not change
A. granular cells
B. macula densa
C. podocyte cells
D. mesangial cells
A. includes substances such as creatiinine
B. by active mehanisms usually invovlves movement against an electrical and or chemical gradient
C. by passive processes requires ATP to move solutes form the interior of the tubule to the blood
D. is a way for the body to get rid of unwanted wast
A. they lack carriers
B. they are not lipid soluble
C. they are too lare too pass thorugh the fenestrations
D. they are extremely complex molecules
A. facilitated diffusion
B. passive transport
D. secondary active transport
A. form a large volume of very concentrated urine or a small volume of very dilute urine
B. form a large volume of very dilute urine or a small volume of very concentrated urine
C. absorb electrolytes activley with an automatic absorption of water by osmosis
D. none of these
A. fetuses do not have any waste to excrete
B. there are not functional nephrons until after birth
C. the placenta allows the mothers urniary system to clear the waste from fetal blood
D. there is no way a fetus could excrete urine until the seventh month of development
A. kidney function remains the same throughout life, regardless of age
B. only about 3% of older adults have any loss of kindey function
C. only obese and diabetic older adults have any kidney dysfunction
D. kidney function decreases due to kidney atrophy
A. colloid osmotic pressure of the blood
B. glomerular hydrostatic pressure
C. capsular hyrodtatic pressure
D. myogenic mechanism
A. be actively secreted into the filtrate
B. be completly reabsorbed by the tubule cells
C. appear in the urine
D. be reabsorbed by secondary active transport
A. the glucose molecule is too larege to be filtered out of the blood
B. most of the glucose is filtered out of the blood and is not reaborbed in the convoluted tublues
C. normally all the glucose is reabsorbed
D. the clearance value of the glucose is realtively high in a healthy adult