Dear Readers, Welcome to Gynecology Objective Questions and Answers have been designed specially to get you acquainted with the nature of questions you may encounter during your Job interview for the subject of Gynecology Multiple choice Questions. These Objective type Gynecology Questions are very important for campus placement test and job interviews. As per my experience good interviewers hardly plan to ask any particular question during your Job interview and these model questions are asked in the online technical test and interview of many Medical Industry.
a. endocervical polyp
b. cervical malignancy
c. endometrial polyp
d. ovarian teratoma
e. atrophic vaginitis.
b. progesterone-only contraceptive pill
a. decreased cardiovascular risk
d. vasomotor symptoms
e. vaginal dryness.
a. increased androgen levels
b. normal FSH
c. normal oestradiol
d. decreased LH
e. low progesterone levels.
a. the cervix is macroscopically normal
b. acetic acid is applied and an irregular white area is apparent to the left of the cervical os
c. Lugol’s iodine is applied and the same area stains dark brown while the rest of the cervix stains pale
d. a biopsy is taken
e. the IUCD can stay, as it will not aggravate the cervical abnormality.
a. excessive exercise
d. premature ovarian failure
e. signifi cant weight loss
a. It tends to occur in women over 35 years.
b. Risk factors include increased parity, termination and quick labours.
c. The condition commonly occurs in association with endometriosis.
d. With each period, bleeding occurs from the endometrial tissue into the smooth muscle.
e. The diagnosis can be made by ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging scan.
a. cervical smear
b. endocervical swab for chlamydia
d. endocervical swab for gonorrhoea
e. speculum examination to observe the cervix.
a hydatidiform mole
b severe early-onset pre-eclampsia
c arterial or venous thrombosis
d mid-trimester fetal loss
e placental abruption.
a. parental chromosomal abnormality
b. activated protein C-resistance
c. uncontrolled hypothyroidism
d. chlamydia infection
e. submucosal fi broids.
a. Weight loss is a common feature of pituitary failure (hypopituitarism) due to a pituitary tumour.
b. Visual fi eld loss in female patients with prolactin-secreting pituitary tumours (prolactinoma) is usual.
c. Adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) secreting pituitary tumours cause a syndrome of cortisol excess that can lead to exaggerated vertical growth in adolescence.
d. Growth hormone defi ciency is a recognised feature in adult patients presenting with acromegaly due to a pituitary macroadenoma.
e. A low testosterone level is more common than a low thyroxine level in men with non-functioning gonads.
a. It develops in the embryo from a down-growth of the hypothalamus.
b. It secretes antidiuretic hormone (ADH).
c. It is regulated by hypothalamic-releasing hormones.
d. It secretes its hormones into the pituitary portal system.
e. It is down-regulated by low oestrogen levels.
a. It will occur at any time over a period of about 14 days.
b. It will occur whether or not the zona pellucida is present.
c. It will occur when the cytotrophoblast contacts the endometrial epithelium and begins to invade the maternal tissue.
d. It will occur with the inner cell mass closest to the endometrium.
e. It will occur even if there is only cytotrophoblast present.
a. Puberty is preceded by falling plasma levels of adrenal androgens.
b. The fi rst menstrual period is called the adrenarche.
c. The pubertal growth spurt is the fi rst sign of puberty.
d. Pubic hair growth is stimulated in girls by oestrogen.
e. Spermatogenesis starts at puberty.
a. It is now rarely fatal, with the introduction of modern diagnostic tests and treatments.
b. It gives an area of lung which is unventilated on a ventilationperfusion scan.
c. It does not usually show up on a CT pulmonary angiogram.
d. It is likely that the patient has symptoms of deep-vein thrombosis.
e. It may give symptoms similar to pneumonia.
a. 16% of people who have breast cancer are detected on initial mammography
b. 84% of people without breast cancer have a normal mammogram
c. 16% of initial mammograms are abnormal
d. a patient with an abnormal initial mammogram has a 16% chance of having breast cancer
e. out of every 100 patients with an abnormal mammogram,
a. require at least two spermatozoa
b. require the retention of the cortical granules in the oocyte
c. are most likely when the oocytes have been ovulated in an immature stage
d. require exclusion of the second polar body
e. often occur when the oocyte has lost its zona pellucida.
a. peripheral vasoconstriction
b. a reduction in progesterone
c. decreased synthesis of vasopressin
d. increased aldosterone synthesis
e. reduced renin activity.
c. nitric oxide
a. combined oral contraceptive pill
b. Depo-Provera injection
d. male condom
e. progesterone-only pill.
a. contraceptive implant
b. copper intrauterine device
c. Depo-Provera injection
d. intrauterine hormonal system (IUS)
e. laparoscopic sterilisation.
a. HPV types 6 and 12 are high risk for developing cervical cancer.
b. The new vaccines can prevent invasive carcinoma but not CIN.
c. As soon as the new vaccination is introduced, cervical screening programmes can cease.
d. HPV types 16 and 18 account for the majority of cervical cancer in the UK.
e. HPV is an oncogenic virus for squamous cell but not adenocarcinoma of the cervix.
a. Menstruation occurs with vasodilation of the spiral arteries.
b. The LH surge triggers menstruation.
c. The Graafi an follicle develops during the luteal phase.
d. Both the follicle and the corpus luteum secrete oestradiol.
e. Progesterone levels fall after the onset of menstruation.
a. occur about 1 in 500
b. the commonest uterine abnormality is septate uterus
c. occur not infrequently with gastrointestinal abnormalities
d. surgical correction of a septate uterus is followed by fetal salvage in <60% of cases
e. longitudinal vaginal septa are more common than transverseones.
a. are associated with exposure to tamoxifen
b. originate from leiomyomas
c. pelvic radiotherapy has a signifi cant impact on survival
d. commonly metastasise to the brain
e. anthracycline-based chemotherapy has no place in treatment.
a. Progesterone levels rise after the menopause.
b. LH levels rise after the menopause.
c. The pituitary stops secreting LH and FSH at the menopause.
d. Menstrual cycles remain regular until the last menstrual period.
e. The number of oocytes in the ovary remains constant until the menopause.
a. trapping most spermatozoa in the cervical crypt for many days
b. regulating sperm transport so that cells reach the site of fertilisation around the time of ovulation
c. allowing sperm transport at all stages of the ovarian cycle
d. preventing spermatozoa from swimming out of the peritoneal cavity
e. providing an acidic environment to keep the spermatozoa active.
a. identifi es men with high-quality fertile spermatozoa
b. identifi es men with low sperm concentrations that might affect fertility
c. can always be used to predict fertility
d. cannot identify abnormal spermatozoa
e. identifi es men with hypopituitarism.
a. an inalienable right to life
b. a right to life
c. a right to consideration
d. a right dependent on moral consensus
e. a right not to be harmed.
b. 500 ml
c. 400 ml
d. 600 ml
a. Renal Agenesis
b. esophageal atresia
d. down's syndrome
a. 12-14 wks
b. 14-16 wks
c. 16-18 wks
d. 9-11 wks
a. GFR Decreases
b. GFR increases
c. remains same
d. none of the above
a. vaginal bleeding
b. abdominal pain
d. perforation of the uterus
c. down's syndrome
d. patau's syndrome
a. increased collagen
b. increased Hyaluronic acid
c. Increased glands
d. increased vascularity