BOATS AND STREAMS Problems With Solutions And Explanation

Posted On:February 28, 2019, Posted By: Latest Interview Questions, Views: 457, Rating :

Most Important Questions of Boat and Streams

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Aptitude Boats and Streams Concepts

Formulas of Boats and Streams Questions Answers

Formulas:

1. In water, the direction along the stream is called downstream. And, the direction against the stream is called upstream.

 

2. If the speed of a boat in still water is u km/ht and the speed of the stream is v km/hr, then :

Speed downstream = (u + v) km/hr

Speed upstream (u - v) km/hr.

 

3. If the speed downstream is a km/hr and the speed upstream is b km/hr, then :

Speed in strill water = 1/2 (a + b) km/hr

Rate of stream = 1/2 (a - b) km/hr

 

BOATS AND STREAMS - SOLVED EXAMPLE PROBLEMS

1. In a stream running at 2 kmph, a motorboat goes 6 km upstream and back again to the starting point in 33 minutes. Find the speed of the motorboat in still water.

Explanation: Let the speed of the motorboat in still water be x kmph. Then,

Speed downstream = (x + 2) kmph; Speed upstream = (x - 2) kmph.

? 6/x+2 + 6/x-2 = 33/60

? 11x² - 240x - 44 = 0

? 11x² - 242x + 2x - 44 = 0

? (x - 22) (11x + 2) = 0 ? x = 22.

Hence, speed of motorboat in strill water = 22 kmph.

 

2. A man can row 18 kmph in still water. It takes him trice as long to row up as to row down the river. Find the rate of stream.

Explanation: Let man’s rate upsream be x kmph. Then, his rate downstream = 3x kmph.

? Rate in still water = 1/2(3x + x) kmph = 2x kmph.

So, 2x = 18 or x = 9.

? Rate upstream = 9 km/hr, Rate downstream = 27 km/hr.

Hence, rate of stream = 1/2(27 - 9) km/hr = 9 km/hr.

 

3. A man can row upstream at 7 kmph and downstream at 10 kmph. Find man’s rate in still water and the rate of current.

Explanation: Rate in still water = 1/2 (10 + 7) km/hr = 8.5 km/hr,

Rate of current = 1/2 (10 - 7) km/hr = 1.5 km/hr.

 

4. If a boat goes 7 km upstream in 42 minutes and the speed of the stream is 3 kmph, then the speed of the boat in still water is : . [C.B.I. 1993]

Explanation: 

Rate upstream = (7/42)*60 kmh = 10 kmph. Speed of stream = 3 kmph.

Let speed in sttil water is x km/hr

Then, speed upstream = (x —3) km/hr.

x-3 = 10 or x = 13 kmph.

 

5.  If a man can swim downstream at 6 kmph and upstream at 2 kmph, his speed in still wateris : 

Explanation: 

Speed in still water = (1/2) * (6 + 2) km/hr

                     = 4 km/hr