Dear Readers, Welcome to SAP PM Interview Questions and Answers have been designed specially to get you acquainted with the nature of questions you may encounter during your Job interview for the subject of SAP PM. These SAP PM Questions are very important for campus placement test and job interviews. As per my experience good interviewers hardly plan to ask any particular questions during your Job interview and these model questions are asked in the online technical test and interview of many IT companies.
Item number refers to the number (not material number) to identify the material component that is to be used for an operation in the maintenance order.It is generally given in increments of 0010.It is the first field in the Components tab of a maintenance order.
Refurbishment order is used for upgradation of damaged / defective spare parts and are sagregated as condition based .eg C1, C2 and C3
create refurbishment order- withdrawawal of spare parts from store- refurbishment execution- order completion confirmation- refurbished parts back to store- goods
receipt for returning
multiple counter plan and stratergy plan cannot be added together, If u add counter plan with a stratergy, counter plan will be taken into cosideration ,stratergy will not be considered.
Go to the change equipment transaction , then extra, then add or replace counters. then select the desired counter by F4 help. you can't directly add counters or measuring pts to a maintenance plan.
You can do this for equipment ,FL and PRT only.
The milestone confirmation is a special form of confirmation, in which the confirmation of one operation causes other operations or suboperations to be
automatically confirmed at the same time.
Milestones are operations that have the corresponding indicator in the control key.
Operations can be defined as milestone operations in their control keys. If a milestone operation is confirmed, then previous operations are automatically confirmed.
Basically work center category decides the capacity (means ability to do work). The category defines the activity type for costing and scheduling the categories mainly we come accross in the production are labour and machine. Hence to define labour cost, machine cost and setup cost we define work center category to create work center and we enter defaults therein. For a period of time if there are no much changes we generally prefer production line, and if there are much changes in the production we prefer activity type for individual order which we call production order. By this you can understand cat type 001 for machine and cat type for labour.
Work center category used to define which screen selection & field selection for a particular work center.
You can use transaction code IL02 to change functional location, highlight the respecitve functional location and go to edit at the top tool bar, their you select functions change and their you can click delete, to set a flag delete.
You cannot hide this fucntional location when you display IH01 , the functional location heirarchy is displayed but once you click it , the screen appears showing the
functional location is created with flag for deletion
single cycle plan is may be performance-based or time-based but here it not required to maintain strategy.By entering main. category we will create maint. plan for
particular object by using t-code IP41.
The R/3 Plant Maintenance (PM) application component provides you with a comprehensive software solution for all maintenance activities that are performed within a company. The uniform, graphical user interface is particularly user-friendly and quickly meets with acceptance, thanks to the numerous possibilities that are available for tailoring it to meet individual requirements.
The data and functions of all maintenance procedures performed within a company can be fully interconnected.
The openness of the R/3 System enables you to use external systems that are integrated with the PM component, such as geographical information systems (GIS), computer-aided design (CAD) systems and supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems.
Across clients but not systems.
You must use the plant reference number as the first level of the functional location structure.
plant maintenance>technical objects>functional location>structural display Give five examples of functional location structures.
Chemical Process, Energy (power station), Property Management, Transport, Steelworks, Production line.
Activate alternative labeling and indicators for primary label. Create a new structure indicator, define labeling system.
Activate alternative labeling, define labeling systems for functional locations, enter label internal view.
Second level functional locations are to be changed, in changing master records extras>alternative labels>overview, change label 'internal view' choose structure indicator and press refresh.
Plant maintenance>technical objects>functional location>labels>user profile.
Change documents, status profile, asset, object information key, partner determination, measuring point category.
The 'SAP Plant Maintenance' comprises of the following activities such as inspection, to measures and establish the actual condition of a technical system, preventive maintenance to measures and maintain the ideal condition of a technical system, repair to measures and restore the ideal condition of a technical system and other measures that need to be taken using the maintenance organization.SAP PM is closely integrated with other modules (for example, Materials Management, Production, Sales and Distribution, Personnel Management, and Controlling) the data is always kept current and processes that are necessary for Plant Maintenance and Customer Service are automatically triggered in other areas (for example, a purchase requisition for non-stock material in the Materials Management/Purchasing area).
Equipment Master pertains to one of the master data elements within the domain of Operations & Maintenance i.e. The SAP Plant Maintenance Module.
The business object "Equipment" is an individual, physical object that is to be maintained independently. It can be installed in a technical system or part of a technical system.
You can manage all types of device as pieces of equipment (for example, production utilities, transportation utilities, test equipment, production resources/tools, buildings, PCs).
Since many of these physical objects are managed as "assets" in Asset Management, the term "piece of equipment" was chosen for objects defined from a technical perspective, in order to avoid confusion with the activated tangible assets.
You define and manage each piece of equipment in the Plant Maintenance (PM) System in a separate master record and can set up an individual maintenance history for each one.
Depends upon the Equipment. Normally, the fields which used to maintain in an Equipment master are:
Equipment Category, Constr.type (serialized), Planning Plant, Work center, Plant, Maintenance plant, Location. You can attach an equipment to another using superior Equipment filed.
You can define in SPRO the "Allowed change of notification type". Please follow the below path:
Maintenance and Service Processing --> Maintenance and Service Notification --> Notification Creation --> Notification types --> Allowed change of notification type
Please check if the check box for change documents is checked or not in Customizing
PATH:- Plant Maintenance & customer service --> Maintenance & service processing --> Maintenance & service Orders -->Functions & settings for order types --> Define Change Docs,Collective Pur.Req.Indicator,Operation No.Interval
My client has default setting of 10% overhead and now they want to change.
Plant Maintenance and Customer Service--> Maintenance and Service Processing--> Maintenance and Service Orders--> Functions and Settings for Order Types-->Costing Data for Maintenance--> and Service Orders--> Maintain Costing Sheet
Select the costing sheet that you are using and push costing sheet rows, next see the column overhead rate, select the row and push overhead rate.
consumer number, check your maintenance item or plan details.
It needs to be run as per business requirements.
There are two ways to do so.
One way manually as & when you run this transaction for required PM Plans say weekly or monthly with your scheduling parameter you will get the maintenance objects.
Another way you create one variant. Now with this variant create one background job as per your need give the time period every day, every week, month & system will generate maintenance calls for you at that specified duration.
Yes, if it is needed that the plan should generate orders it needs to be scheduled either in background job or needs manually executed.
Yes, you can get a service order (PM Order) against this plant maintenance order with control key as PM03 you can get PR from PR. You can get service order again here MM integration if the auto PO concept used then auto PO (service order) gets generated.
But if you want to avoid lengthy process you can use IP10.
During each IP10 run if call falls within the date you will get maintenance call object that is PM order - ------> PR -----> PO PM Order -----> FO (Frame Work Order) PM Order -----> Service Contract ------> Value / Qty (These tab you will get in PM order operation header general data)
Where to get the table which is having user status with Notification number. (not the system status).
From table QMEL get OBJNR(object number) using the QMNUM( notification number).
Using this OBJNR get STSMA( Status Profile) from table JSTO.
Using the OBJNR get STAT(object status) from table JEST. You may/ may not get multiple object status for an Object number.
System status number will start from E. User status number will start from I.
To get the text of the status, use the status number (STAT) and STSMA to get the status text from table TJ30T.
Define different equipment categories. Standard equipment reference categories for 'Internal Machines' and 'Customer Equipment' exist.
How do you distinguish between company and customer owned equipment? Equipment on land owned by the company and land leased by the company ?
Same as Q1. Explore combinations of equip. category and equipment types to achieve the design objective.
Read documentation on 'Structuring Technical Systems' in 'Plant Maintenance / Service management' modules. You need to define sales area (sales org/dist channel/division) for an equipment with equipment category being one for which the equipment reference category is 'Customer Equipment'.
How can we block service to a customer ? It has to be done through the FL, since most of the Equipment belongs to the company and is loaned to the customer.
Deactivate the FL. This allows no further creation of transaction data (service orders, etc.). However, the existing orders can be processed and closed. The deactivation can be reversed at a later date.
Service contract is assigned to a material. Material is assigned to the equipment in the equipment master. This functionality is not intended for managing equipment bought from vendors (where we are getting service rather than providing service).
Not in the standard system. But it can be done with ABAP batch jobs.
When you maintain an assembly in a piece of equipment, is it possible to get maintenance history of the assembly? Do you have to create it as a piece of equipment ?
As maintenance orders are created for FL/equipment only, maintenance history can only be tracked at that level, not at assembly level. Assemblies are mere structuring devices to have spare parts linked to equipment in a structured manner. However, in PM orders, you can mention the assembly along with the FL/Eq. Depending on your reporting needs; an ABAPer could use the 'PM Assembly' field in PM orders.
Standing orders are used to carry out on-going maintenance jobs and settle them at month end rather than creating a fresh PM order every time. Using order hierarchies, you could attach sub-orders to the standing order and settle them to the standing order to provide you with more precise recording of maint costs at sub-order level as well as a budget monitoring at the standing order level.
Below are some integration aspects:
Integration with MM:
Material master record for Batch Managed material as Equipment
Reservations and Goods Issue for Maintenance Order
Material valuation class/types for refurbishment materials as equipment
Triggering PR from Maintenance Order
Integration with FICO:
Asset/Sub-Asset numbering in Equipment Master Data
Activity based costing for Operations performed through Maintenance Order
Settlement of accrued costs in Maintenance Order to G/L Account,Cost Center, Asset etc.,
There are many interwoven activities.
Let us consider one practical issue of Spare Parts purchase.
We prefer to inspect incoming material for compliance of our requirement.
While creation of material master, tick the 'Post to insp. stock' box in the Purchasing Tab.
If we do not want a task list / Result recording oriented inspection, in Quality tab, choose appropriate selections,
When that Spare is received, it will go to Quality Stock.
Maint. person can check it and transfer the stock to "Unrestricted Stock" through MB1B via 261 movement, giving a reason as Accepted after Inspection or Rejected.
Above procedure is a practical example of PM QM integration.
In SPRO - Under Maintenance and Service order ---> general data ----> "Create System Conditions or Operating Conditions" --> check the box for PM Reservation.
In the equipment Master,
Under the Location tab, mention the PP work center and
In the Order Header data,
Give the system condition as "0" ie M/C not in operation.