SAP HR Interview Questions & Answers

Posted On:January 16, 2019, Posted By: Latest Interview Questions, Views: 272, Rating :

Dear Readers, Welcome to SAP HR Interview Questions have been designed specially to get you acquainted with the nature of questions you may encounter during your Job interview for the subject of SAP HR. These SAP HR Questions are very important for campus placement test and job interviews. As per my experience good interviewers hardly plan to ask any particular questions during your Job interview and these model questions are asked in the online technical test and interview of many Medical Industry.

1. What is ERP?

Enterprise resource planning (ERP) is business integrate software that allows an organization to integrates multiple applications/functions such as Human resourses, Finance,operation, manufacturing, sales, production, Supply chain Management, and marketing.

Interview Questions on SAP HR

Interview Questions on SAP HR

2. What is SAP?

SAP is one of the top Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) software in the world.

 SAP stands for Systems, Applications and Products in Data Processing.

 

3. What are the different software packets available in market?

Few of the top /old ERPS’s are Baan,JD Edwards EnterpriseOne from Oracle,Maximo from IBM,Microsoft Dynamics,PeopleSoft from Oracle,mySAP from SAP,Ramco ERP from Ramco Systems.

 

4. What are the different modules of SAP?

SAP Modules are classified into 4 types

SAP Functional Modules

SAP Technical Modules

SAP New Dimensional Modules /SAP New Modules

SAP IS - Industries specific modules.

What is the full form of SPRO? 

SPRO stands for SAP Project Reference Object 

 

5. What are the different type of projects?

There are 7 types of SAP HR projects:

1. SAP Implementation Project.

2. SAP Support Project.

3. SAP Roll-Out Project.

4. SAP Enhancement Project.

5. SAP Upgradation Project.

6. SAP Migration Project.

7.SAP Acquisition/Merger Project. 

 

6. What is Roles And Responsibilities Of Sap Hr Consultants?

1)Legacy Process Understanding.

 Functional consultant is likely to get knowledge about the current business process in the company, design of  current business flows. Prepare AS IS document & To-Be document.

2)Identifying the Gaps and Solution Design

GAP analysis & Solution Design

3) Requirement Gathering

4) Business blue print Preparation

5)Writing functional specifications

6)Configuration & customisation

7) Testing

Prepare test scripts for testing & test. Type of  testing are Unit Testing, regression testing, integration testing, Product Integration Testing etc.

8) End user manual preparation and End user training

9)Go live cut over activities

10)Post Go live Support

 

7. What is ASAP methodology?

ASAP is SAP’s standard implementation methodology.

Phases in SAP Implementation Methodology

    Phase 1: Project Planning

    Phase 2: Blueprinting

    Phase 3: Realization

    Phase 4: Final Preparation

    Phase 5: Go Live

 

8. What are the Importance of Infotypes in SAP Hr

Infotypes are used  to store all relevant Hr data of employees in an organization.

It is represented by a  ‘4’ digit number.Eg:0000,2001,1002 etc.

Infotype is a collection of logical or business related characteristics of an object. Infotypes are also called information types to enter rational related information for an employee

For eg  Personnel data (0002) infotype  have fields like title,first name, middle , last name,birth date, language etc

 

Infotype Periods:

Every infotypes has a specific validity dates (start and end dates) .The validity period allows to maintain an employee’s data history.While updating an employee’s data, the earlier data is automatically delimited.

Infotype Sub types:

Some infotypes are  again separated in different groups having same nature.

For eg : Sub types of infotype address(0006) are

3-Home address

5-Mailing address  etc.

There are two types of fields  in an infotype .They are mandatory fields  & optional fields.

 

9. What are the Important infotypes in SAP Personnel Administration?

Important Personnel Administration Infotypes are:

 

0000     Actions

0001     Organizational Assignment

0002     Personal Data

0003     Payroll Status

0005     Leave Entitlement

0006     Addresses

0007     Planned Working Time

0008     Basic Pay

0009     Bank Details

0007     Planned Working Time

0008     Basic Pay

0009     Bank Details0014     Recur. Payments/Deds.

0015     Additional Payments

 

10. What is Dynamic Action?

Dynamic Action feature is make available in SAP HR to  perform automatically by the system based on certain conditions.

 

11. What are the Important T Codes in SAP Personnel Administration?

PA10 - Personnel file

PA20 - Display HR Master Data

PA30 - Maintain HR Master Data

PA40 - Personnel Action

PA41 - Change Hiring Data

PA42 - Fast Data Entry for Events

PRMD - Maintain HR Master Data

How to delete Personnel records/HR Records ?

Use transaction code  PU00 to delete records. 

RPUDELPN is report/program to delete the personnel numbers in bulk.All infotypes can be deleted  of a personnel number.

 

12. How to lock the personnel number for generating payroll?

By checking check box “personal number locked “in info type IT0003.

 

13. What is Concurrent employment ?

Concurrent employment allows one Person to hold more than one position in under a single company code.

Conditions for Concurrent Employment are (i)An person has several personnel assignments with the same organizational unit at the same time (ii) employee’s data is managed in the same SAP R/3 system for all personnel assignments.

Example :

Kimberly Mathew is a “Consultant” holds to two positions (i) SAP HR consultant & (ii) SAP FICO consultant at the same time under same organizational unit “SAP consulting –North America”.He works Mon-Fri ,9.00-13.00hrs as a SAP HR consultant & Mon-Fri ,14.00-17.30 hrs as a SAP FICO consultant.

 

14. Which is the  transaction to create Custom Infotype?

PM01 is the transaction to create Custom Infotype

 

15. What are the different type of Wage Types? What are the characteristics of wages?

Types of wage types

1) Primary wage type

2) Secondary/Technical wage type

3)Customer specific wage type

Wage type characteristics:

1) Amount

2) Number

3) Rate  

 

16. What is time management status ?

Time Management status is the link between time management and payroll .The feature for  time management status is  TMSTA.

Time Management status  field is available in infotype 0007 .

Values for the Time Management status are

      0 - No time evaluation

      1 - Time evaluation of actual times

      2 - PDC time evaluation

      7 - Time evaluation without payroll integration

      8 - External services

      9 - Time evaluation of planned times

 

 

17. Structures in SAP Human Resources/HCM

There are three types of Human Resource structure

1.Enterprise Structure

2.Personnel Structure

3.Organizational Structure

 

18. Integration between  Personnel Administration &  OM

Integration between PA and OM  is required to get default for job,position,org unit cost center etc in IT0001. Position is the integration between OM & PA.

Configuration Step:

IMG--> PA--> OM--> Basic settings --> integration-->set up integration with PA

Table for OM - PA integration is T77S0

In the above table set the integration switch PLOGI ORGA to X

If this is set to "X" - the integration is turned "on"

If this is a blank  - the integration is turned "off". 

 

19. Reports in PA & OM Integration/Integration tools

1.RHINTE00 - To transfer data from PA to OM

2.RHINTE10 - To transfer OM data to PA tables

3.RHINTE20  - To determine whether the data relevant for integration is available in both PA and OM

4.RHINTE30 -To update IT0001 (org assignment) 

 

20. What are important infotypes in Travel Management

Mandatory Infotypes 

Infotype   Infotype Name

0001          Organizational assignment

0002         Personal data

0017           Travel Privileges

0006         Addresses

 

Optional Infotypes 

Infotype    Infotype Name

0009          Bank details

0027           Cost Distribution

0471            Flight preference

0472           Hotel preference

0473           Car rental preference

0475           Customer program

0470           Travel profile

0105            Communication

0208           Work Tax area

0315            Time Sheet Defaults

 

21. Travel Management Process Flow

     1. Travel Request

       Business needs to a trip for meeting/discussion/presentation/auditing etc.Raise a travel request   ,

       which requires approval by manager. The manager can approve the request, send it back for 

       corrections or  reject it.

     2. Travel Planning

       After a travel request has been approved by manager, the traveler decide on flight ,car, hotel etc .

     3. Book a trip

       Create a trip using PR05 transaction from SAP or any other mobile applications  or desktop

       applications

     4. Travel  Settlement

         The system settles the trips.

     5. Travel Expenses

     After the trip is over, the traveler completes  and submit all necessary data and documents such as 

     trip receipts for accommodation, meals, air fare

     Approve & release for settlement

     Reimbursement of trips by check, bank transfer, payroll processing .

 

22. Integration between  Personnel Administration &  PD(Personnel Planning and Development)

Integration between PA and PD is set by turn on switch the  PLOGI ORGA with an X  in T77S0 table.

Report RHINTE10 set up  PA & PD integration . This program allows you to create object types in Personnel Administration which have already set up in Personnel Planning and Development.

 

23. Integration between  Personnel Administration &  Time Management

Infotype 0007 (Planned working time) is the integration between PA & Time Management. For PA & Time integration we need to maintain Infotype 0007.

This integration is also based on PA and PSA grouping and EG and ESG grouping. 

 

24. Integration between  Personnel Administration &  Payroll

Integration between PA & Payroll through below info types.

Recurring Payments/Deductions (0014)

Additional Payments (0015)

Cost Distribution (0027)

Organizational Assignment (0001)

Integration between Personnel Administration &  Recruitment

Integration between Personnel Administration & Recruitment can set up using the following two features

Benefits

Transfer employee data to the applicant database(feature PRELR)

Transfer applicant data to the employee database((feature PAPLI and feature PRELI)

 

25. What are plan versions used for?

Plan versions are  used in OM to create  scenarios in which you can create organizational plans. The current plan version should be "01", as set in PLOGI PLOGI. 

2. What are the basic object types?

The five basic building block object types in OM are SPOCK.

S - Position

P - Person

O - Organization Unit

C - Job

K - Cost Centre.

 

26. What is the difference between a job and a position?

Ans. Job is not concrete, it is is generic.(Eg: Manager, Assistant Manager,Consultant).

Positions are related to persons .Position is concrete and specific which are occupied by Persons. (Eg: Manager –Finance , Consultant – SAP HR).

What are the different methods  to customize Organizational structure of an organization?

 

27. Three methods  to customize Organizational structure of an organization.  

1.Simple Maintenance

SAP Easy Access -> SAP Menu -> Organizational Management-> Expert Mode -> Simple      Maintenance -> PPOC_OLD C reate

2.Expert Mode  / Detailed Maintenance

3. Organization and Staffing

SAP Easy Access > SAP Menu > Organizational Management> Organizational Plan > 

Organization   and staffing > PPOCE 

 

28. Which infotype  maintain relationships between objects?

Infotype 1001 defines the relationships between different OM objects.

 

29. What is an evaluation path?

An evaluation path describes a chain of relationships that exists between individual organizational objects in the organizational plan.

You can maintain evaluation paths on img -> Personnel Management ->Organisation Management-> Basic Settings-> Maintain Evaluation Paths .

 

30. Integration between Organizational Management and Recruitment

This integration allows to manage company vacancies & positions.

Integration to Recruitment is switched through table T775S0

PLOGI PLOGI 01

PLOGI PRELI   99999999

PPVAC             PPVAC             1

 

31. Integration between Recruitment and Personnel Development

This integration manage qualifications in recruitment

The integration to Personnel Administration is switched in T775S0 table

PLOGI         QUALI          1 A032 Q

 

32. Integration between  Organizational Management  &  Time Management

 OM to Time management integration is take place with Shift planning and with position substitution (substitution IT 2003).

Following ere shift planning switches

PEINS  PZTEF

PEINS  VARTI

PEINS  VARTS

PEINS  VARWI

PEINS  AWART 

 

33. What is meant by payscale structure? How did you configure payscale structure? (I said I created various payroll areas and defaulted them using the feature ABKRS. Seemed he was expecting more than this from me.)

 Pay Scale Structure means creation of Payroll area , Pay scale type,area, group and levels with EmpSub group grouping for PCR & CAP's.

 

34. How do you import payscale data from non SAP to SAP? (Somebody told me that there's a tool called LEGACY to transfer non SAP data to SAP. I said the same. Is it the same for payroll also? He wanted a clearer explanation of how I did it.

A:  Yes you have to say from which transaction code you are transfeing data from Non SAP in to sap. 

 

35. How to assign a person two different pers no.s and allocate him two different comp. codes and generate a single invoice? Suppose for a person I have to pers no.s A and B. I want to send him to one company in the morning and the other in the noon. How should I do this. (I only know one person can be given more than one position by giving percentage in OM. I said that this process is concurrent employment.)

A:  No, even with Concurrent employment also it is not possible to assign two personnel numbers for one person. You can assign him to work wih two Personnel ID Numbers with the same number and make invoice.

 

36.What is meant by a schema? (I said I'm only aware that it is a set of rules which is copied and renamed, but never worked on that.)

A: No, you have to say him that schema is a set of instructions ( Programs )  madified as per requirements and its process is to collect the data as from all the defined instuctutions with sub schemas and PCR's. As I was not authorised to work on them I know just the process of schemas only, (you should have said like this.) 

 

37. How do you restrict the data to be entered in payroll area?

A: No, data is entered in a payroll area , but the employees are defined depending on their payscale structure. If you are restricting any data to be entered for pay strcs this is for indirectly for payroll area.

 

38. What is meant by authorization? Did you ever work on it?

A: Authorisations are the transactions given to the end users or the developers for only some areas to work, infotyopes, transaction codes, org units and others depending on the requirement of the client or the develping enterprise.  Check this at PFCG tcode.

 

39. What is the difference between Indian and US Payroll. (I said each of them have their own ITs and the taxation differs.)

A: Yes it correct and even you have to say about the Benefits which are more important in US. In US unemployment tax will come. Garnishments will come, Residence taxation, Work tax and others, you have to say it in broad way then only they can know that you are working, or confident enough.

 

40. How do you differentiate Tax for different countries?

A: Taxation has so many use exits to be created which means it all happens only from  the new versions which SAP Releases.